Keystone Caving

- June 29, 2016

Canada's Pro-Keystone Prime Minister Would Find An Uncooperative Partner In Clinton

Today, Obama Travels To Canada To Meet With Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau And Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto As Part of The North American Leaders Summit. "Officials at White House said the 'power of North America will be evident' when President Obama travels to Ottawa, Canada on Wednesday to meet with the leaders of Canada and Mexico for his final North American Leaders Summit. The summit will be the first for liberal Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who kicked off meetings with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto on Tuesday with a morning run, and the last for Obama." (Maya Rhodan, "What To Watch For At North American Leaders Summit," Time, 6/29/16)

Obama And Trudeau Are Expected To Discuss The Economy And Trade Among Other Issues. "The three leaders plan to discuss trade, climate change, economic policies, and national security." (Maya Rhodan, "What To Watch For At North American Leaders Summit," Time, 6/29/16)


Trudeau Has Supported Both The Keystone XL Pipeline As Well As Other Oil Pipelines To Carry Oil From Canada's Alberta Province. "The Canadian election Monday ousted a strong supporter of the Keystone XL pipeline. And it brought into office another strong supporter of the Keystone XL pipeline. The new Canadian prime minister, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau, has supported the construction of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline as well as TransCanada's proposed $12 billion Energy East pipeline, both of which would carry bitumen from Alberta's vast oil sands to ports and world markets." (Steven Mufson, "New Canadian PM Justin Trudeau Brings Same Support For Keystone XL Pipeline," The Washington Post , 10/20/15)

Shortly After Being Sworn In Last Year, Trudeau's Minister Of Foreign Affairs Stephane Dion Said That Trudeau's Government Supports The Construction Of Keystone. "Canada's new Liberal government backs TransCanada Corp's Keystone XL pipeline, but does not want the project opposed by environmentalists to spoil relations with the United States, Foreign Minister Stephane Dion said on Thursday." (David Ljunggren, "New Canada Government Backs Keystone Pipeline: Foreign Minister," Reuters, 11/5/15)

  • Canadian Foreign Minister Dion: "We Support This Project And We Hope That It Will Work Well." "'Our position is that it is up to the Americans to see what they can do but we support this project and we hope that it will work well,' Dion told reporters." (David Ljunggren, "New Canada Government Backs Keystone Pipeline: Foreign Minister," Reuters, 11/5/15)

After Obama Rejected Keystone In November, "A Politically Diverse Group Of Canadian Leaders" Including Trudeau Joined In "Expressing Disappointment" With The Decision. "A politically diverse group of Canadian leaders is expressing disappointment that U.S. President Barack Obama has rejected the Keystone XL pipeline. Among those who criticized the decision are Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Conservative interim leader Rona Ambrose, NDP Alberta Premier Rachel Notley, Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall and Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi." (Sonja Puzi and Josh Dehaas, "Trudeau, Ambrose United In 'Disappointment' About Keystone XL," CTV News, 11/6/15)

In April, Trudeau Recounted How Several Years Ago He "Made A Strong Case For Why The Keystone XL Pipeline Should Be Approved…To A Room Full Of American Democrats And Liberals." QUESTIONER: "I remember you campaigned hard against pipeline building [Former Canadian Prime Minister Stephen] Harper, but recently you promised to build more pipelines in Alberta. How do you justify to young people that we're not investing in green energy, instead, we're still putting money into dirty oil sands. How do you justify that to young people, and how should young people feel when they listen to politicians promise a lot of radical change and then have some doubts in their mind in the future?" CANADIAN PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU: "That's a great, a great question. And it does sort of go to one of the points that needs to be highlighted that every voter has a responsibility to get informed about positions that people have. I went down to New York about two years ago when I first got, sorry, to Washington, two and a half years ago, when I first got elected leader of the liberal party, and made a strong case for why the Keystone XL Pipeline should be approved. And I made that case to a room full of American Democrats and liberals who didn't agree with me. But I have always been consistent around the fact that we need to make sure we continue to grow our economy and create jobs." (Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Remarks At A New York University Student Forum, New York, NY, 4/21/16)

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According The State Department's 2014 Environmental Impact Statement, 42,100 Jobs Would Be Created During Construction Of The Keystone Pipeline. "During construction, proposed Project spending would support approximately 42,100 jobs (direct, indirect, and induced), and approximately $2 billion in earnings throughout the United States." (U.S. Department Of State, Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement, January 2014)

The Keystone XL Pipeline "Would Strengthen Relations With Canada And Provide A Conduit For Oil From A Friendly Neighbor." "There are political and strategic advantages to approving the pipeline: It would strengthen relations with Canada and provide a conduit for oil from a friendly neighbor." (Coral Davenport, "Report Opens Way To Approval For Keystone Pipeline," The New York Times, 1/31/14)

The Washington Post's Fact Checker: The Keystone XL Pipeline "Is Not About Energy Versus The Environment - It's Simply About Where Americans Get Their Oil," From Canada Or From Overseas. "Canada is already the top supplier of oil to the U.S., at more than two million barrels per day. Keystone XL will increase this by more than 700,000 barrels per day and will also provide refineries with greater access to domestic U.S. oil production from the Bakken. Keystone XL is not about energy versus the environment - it's simply about where Americans get their oil. Persian Gulf countries and Venezuela contribute three million barrels per day of imports. These countries are far less stable and more expensive sources of foreign oil than Canada, which is America's largest trading partner and ally." (Glenn Kessler, "Keystone XL Pipeline Ad Suggests Canadian Crude Will Reduce 'Reliance On Foreign Energy,'" The Washington Post's Fact Checker , 11/20/13)

In 2011, Clinton's State Department Concluded That Keystone XL Would Not Have "Significant Impacts" On The Environment. "The proposed Keystone XL oil pipeline from Canada to the Texas Gulf Coast would not have 'significant impacts' on the environment, the State Department has concluded, removing a major barrier to construction of the $7-billion project." (Neela Banerjee, "A Step Forward For Oil Pipeline," Los Angeles Times, 8/27/11)

  • "The Proposed Project Suggest That There Would Be No Significant Impacts." "The analyses of potential impacts associated with construction and normal operation of the proposed Project suggest that there would be no significant impacts to most resources along the proposed Project corridor." (U.S. Department Of State, Final Environmental Impact Statement, 8/26/11)

Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) Said Opposition To Keystone Is Based "Purely On Political Desires And Not Policy Facts." "'In my opinion, this decision was based purely on political desires and not policy facts. The facts are that multiple State Department studies have all concluded that the pipeline will have no significant impact on our environment, and this project would have created over 20,000 direct jobs. The President and this Administration continue to block America's path to energy independence. The Keystone XL pipeline is not only a job creator; it would also have limited our dependence on foreign oil and transported oil in the most environmentally-friendly way possible. The pipeline would give us the opportunity to buy oil from Canada--our neighbor, our ally and one of our greatest trading partners.'" (Press Release, "Manchin Statement On President's Decision To Reject Keystone XL Pipeline Proposal," Sen. Joe Manchin, 11/6/15)


In October 2015, Clinton Said She Opposed The Keystone XL Pipeline Because It Was A "Distraction From The Important Work We Have To Do To Combat Climate Change." CLINTON: "I think it is imperative that we look at the Keystone pipeline as what I believe it is - a distraction from the important work we have to do to combat climate change, and unfortunately, from my perspective, one that interferes with our ability to move forward to deal with all the other issues. Therefore I oppose it." (Hillary Clinton, Remarks At Community Forum At Moulton Elementary, Des Moines, IA, 9/22/15)

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But Clinton's Opposition "Marked An Apparent Shift For The Candidate" From 2010, When She Was "Inclined To Approve" The Pipeline. "'I oppose it,' the candidate said during a campaign stop at an elementary school in Iowa, calling the pipeline 'a distraction' that 'interferes' with other efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stop climate change. The announcement marked an apparent shift for the candidate, who as secretary of state in October 2010 said she would be 'inclined' to approve the $5.4 billion project." (Alan Neuhauser, "Hillary Clinton Says She Opposes Keystone XL," U.S. News & World Report , 9/22/15)

Clinton On The Keystone XL Pipeline In 2010: "We Have Not Yet Signed Off On It. But We Are Inclined To Do So And We Are For Several Reasons." QUESTION: "Another international issue that you signed in on last year was the Alberta Clipper, a pipeline from Alberta that brings tar sands, oil sands directly into Wisconsin to the U.S. Midwest. This is some of the dirtiest fuel in the world. And how can the U.S. be saying climate change is a priority when we're mainlining some of the dirtiest fuel that exists." CLINTON: "Well, there hasn't been a final decision made. It is-." QUESTION: "Are you willing to reconsider it?" CLINTON: "Probably not. And we - but we haven't finish all of the analysis. So as I say, we've not yet signed off on it. But we are inclined to do so and we are for several reasons - going back to one of your original questions - we're either going to be dependent on dirty oil from the Gulf or dirty oil from Canada. And until we can get our act together as a country and figure out that clean, renewable energy is in both our economic interests and the interests of our planet - I mean, I don't think it will come as a surprise to anyone how deeply disappointed the President and I are about our inability to get the kind of legislation through the Senate that the United States was seeking." (Secretary Hillary Clinton, " Remarks At The Commonwealth Club Of San Francisco," San Francisco, CA, 10/15/10)

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Clinton's Public Opposition To Keystone Reflects Her Leftward Shift On Environmental Issues To Court Green Groups. "In recent months, Clinton has tackled left on environmental issues, pledging to make combatting climate change a major goal of her presidency and opposing the Keystone XL pipeline, which was rejected by the Obama administration on Friday. She's also promised to 'build on' President Barack Obama's plan mandating greenhouse gas reductions from power plants, a sweeping new environmental regulation that may result in the closure of hundreds of coal-fired plants and freeze construction of new coal plants." (Lisa Lerer, "Clinton Releases Plan To Help Coal Country Adapt To Climate," The Associated Press , 11/12/15)

Opposing The Keystone Pipeline Is "A Political Winner" For Clinton And Satisfies Many Of The Key Liberal Environmental Donors That She Is Courting For 2016. "Several of Clinton's top donors, including Tom Steyer and Susie Tompkins Buell, are active in the environmental movement, and they have wanted her to come out against Keystone for some time. It's an issue that matters a lot to that segment of the Democratic Party, and coming out against the pipeline takes a wedge issue away from Clinton's current opponents - and perhaps Vice President Joe Biden, if he runs." (Jonathan Allen, "Hillary Clinton's Opposition To Keystone XL Is' A Political Winner," Vox, 9/22/15)

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