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Promise Kept: Putting American Jobs First

- June 1, 2017

President Trump Put American Jobs Over Costly And Ineffective Paris Climate Agreement


TOP TAKEAWAYS

  • In 2016, President Obama committed the United States to the Paris Climate Agreement, and President Trump pledged to withdraw or rewrite the agreement if elected President.
  • The Paris Agreement would cost millions of jobs and trillions in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while the United States is already making significant progress to reduce emissions and invest billions in the clean energy sector without the burdensome agreement.
  • Following a trend seen with other international climate agreements, the Paris accord includes specific reduction goals for the United States to achieve, however other countries, like China have not committed to the same level of reductions.
  • The Paris Agreement, even if perfectly implemented so that each country achieves their stated reduction in emissions, falls far short of international climate goals.

AFTER PRESIDENT OBAMA COMMITTED THE UNITED STATES TO THE PARIS CLIMATE AGREEMENT, PRESIDENT TRUMP PLEDGED TO WITHDRAW OR REWRITE THE AGREEMENT

In 2016, President Obama Entered The United States Into The Paris Climate Agreement, Which Relies On Voluntary Pledges To Reduce Emissions By Participating Countries

In September 2016, The U.S. Formally Entered The Paris Climate Change Agreement. "Today, the United States and China deposited with United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon their respective instruments to join the Paris Agreement, marking a significant contribution towards the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement." (Tanya Somanader, "President Obama: The United States Formally Enters The Paris Agreement," The White House , 09/03/16)

The Paris Climate Change Agreement Requires 195 Countries To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. "With the sudden bang of a gavel Saturday night, representatives of 195 nations reached a landmark accord that will, for the first time, commit nearly every country to lowering planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions to help stave off the most drastic effects of climate change." (Coral Davenport, "Nations Approve Landmark Climate Accord In Paris," The New York Times , 12/12/15)

The Paris Agreement Relies On "Nations Following Through On Voluntary Pollution Pledges And Technological Innovations In Energy Production That May Take Years To Emerge." "The Paris accord also rests on scores of nations following through on voluntary pollution pledges and technological innovations in energy production that may take years to emerge. 'I can't say whether or not Paris will ultimately be successful, none of us can,' said Robert Stavins, director of Harvard University's Environmental Economics Program. 'It will be 5, 10, 20 years before we can look back and say what were the actual effects.'" (Alex Nussbaum, "Like Obamacare, Climate Gives President Huge But Fragile Win," Bloomberg , 12/13/15)

President Trump Is Fulfilling His Promise To The American People To Stop International Agreements That Disadvantage The United States.

In May 2016, President Trump Unveiled An "America First Energy Plan." "Presumptive Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump unveiled an 'America first' energy plan he said would unleash unfettered production of oil, coal, natural gas and other energy sources to push the United States toward energy independence." (Jill Colvin and Matthew Daly, "Trump Uses Energy Speech To Outline General Election Pitch," The Associated Press , 05/26/17)

President Trump Stated He Would "Withdraw From Or Rewrite The Paris Climate Accord." "Trump also repeated that he would seek to withdraw from or rewrite the Paris climate accord that Obama helped negotiate over the past four years." (Steven Mufson, "Trump Promotes Fossil Fuels And Assails Pollution Rules In Energy Plan," The Washington Post , 05/26/16)

  • President Trump Said The Agreement Gives Foreign Bureaucrats Powers To Control What We're Using On Our Land In Our Country. "Trump said the agreement 'gives foreign bureaucrats' power so that they will be 'controlling what we're using on our land in our country. No way. No way.'" (Steven Mufson, "Trump Promotes Fossil Fuels And Assails Pollution Rules In Energy Plan," The Washington Post , 05/26/16)

THE PARIS AGREEMENT WOULD COST MILLIONS OF JOBS AND TRILLIONS IN GDP WHILE THE U.S. IS TAKING STEPS TO GROW THE CLEAN ENERGY INDUSTRY AND REDUCE EMISSIONS

Without The Paris Agreement, The United States Has Already Invested Billions In Clean Energy Technology, Created Millions Of Clean Energy Jobs And Has Significantly Reduced CO2 Emissions

In 2015, CO2 Emissions In The U.S. Had Declined To About 12 Percent Below 2005 Levels. "Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions decreased by 146 million metric tons (MMmt), from 5,405 MMmt in 2014 to 5,259 MMmt in 2015.This decline occurred despite growth in real gross domestic product (GDP) of 2.6% as other factors more than offset the growth in GDP. These factors included: A decline in the carbon intensity of the energy supply (CO2/British thermal units [Btu]) of 1.8%; and A 3.4% decline in energy intensity (Btu/GDP). With GDP growth of 2.6% and the overall carbon intensity of the economy (CO2/GDP) declining by about 5.2%, energy-related CO2 declined by 2.7%. Energy-related CO2 emissions in 2015 were about 12% below 2005 levels." ("U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2015," U.S. Energy Information Administration , 12/17)

Between 2004 And 2015, Investments In Clean Energy In The U.S. Increased From $10 Billion To $56 Billion. "Between 2004 and 2015, U.S. investment in clean energy soared from an impressive $10 billion to $56 billion." ("The Rise In Clean Energy Means More U.S. Jobs," Environmental Defense Fund , Accessed 06/01/17)

The Clean Energy Industry Has Created 2.7 Million American Jobs. "These gains are creating millions of homegrown, quality jobs, with 2.7 million people already working in clean energy." ("The Rise In Clean Energy Means More U.S. Jobs," Environmental Defense Fund , Accessed 06/01/17)

  • In 2016, One Out Of Every 50 American Jobs Was In The Solar Industry. "One out of every 50 new American jobs last year was in the solar industry, which now employs more than 260,000 workers, according to an annual report Tuesday from The Solar Foundation, a Washington-based nonprofit." (Chris Martin, "U.S. Solar Industry Clamors For Workers As Jobs Climb In 25%," Bloomberg , 02/07/17)
  • In 2016, Of The 2.4 Million Workers In The Auto Industry, Nearly One Million Work On Developing Alternative Fuels Or Improving Fuel-Efficient Vehicles. "The share of the auto industry working with alternative fuels and fuel-efficient vehicles is growing. Of the 2.4 million workers in the industry in early 2016, more than 259,000 work with alternative-fuel vehicles (including natural gas, hybrids, plug-in hybrids, all electric, and fuel cell/hydrogen vehicles) and at least 710,000 jobs are focused on improving fuel economy or transitioning to alternative fuels. (DOE)." (Helen Mountford, "Clean Energy Jobs Growth In The United States," World Resources Institute , 02/17)

The Paris Climate Agreement Would Cost The U.S. Economy Trillions Of Dollars And Millions Of Jobs Particularly In The Industrial And Manufacturing Sectors

NERA Economic Consulting Reported That The U.S. GDP Would Lose About $4 Trillion Between 2022 And 2013." "As the broadest measure of economic impact, the reductions in GDP due to costs of future GHG regulation are notable in each of the scenarios. In the core scenario, U.S. GDP loss could be about $250 billion in 2025 increasing to about $420 billion per year on average and a cumulative loss of about $4 trillion between 2022 and 2031." (Impacts Of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On The Industrial Sector, NERA Economic Consulting , 03/17)

  • Between 2034 And 2040, The U.S. Would Lose $2 Trillion In GDP Annually With A "Cumulative Loss Of $14 Trillion." "The losses become larger in the long run as the 'mid-term' deep decarbonization target constrains the economy significantly. The U.S. economy could lose about 6% of its GDP on average between 2034 and 2040 amounting to a loss of greater than $2 trillion annually and a cumulative loss of $14 trillion." (Impacts Of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On The Industrial Sector, NERA Economic Consulting , 03/17)

In 2025, 2.7 Million Job-Equivalents Will Be Lost Economy-Wide. "Total economy-wide employment losses amount to about 2.7 million in 2025." (Impacts Of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On The Industrial Sector, NERA Economic Consulting , 03/17)

  • In 2025, 1.1 Million Job-Equivalents Will Be Lost In The Industrial Sector And In 2040, 6.5 Million Job-Equivalents Will Be Lost. "Taking into account the loss in employment in other non-manufacturing sectors, the job-equivalents impact for the overall industrial sector could be about 1.1 million job-equivalents in 2025 and 6.5 million in 2040. A large share of this job loss occurs in the construction sector. (Impacts Of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On The Industrial Sector, NERA Economic Consulting , 03/17)
  • The Manufacturing Industry Could Lose 440,000 Jobs In 2025 and 3.1 Million Jobs In 2040. "In 2025, the manufacturing sector alone could potentially lose 440,000 job-equivalents relative to the baseline jobs and about 3.1 million in 2040." (Impacts Of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On The Industrial Sector, NERA Economic Consulting , 03/17)

THE PARIS CLIMATE ACCORD WOULD CONTINUE A TREND WHERE THE U.S. SHOULDERS THE BURDEN OF REDUCING EMISSIONS FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD

The U.S. Committed To Strict, Quantitative Emissions Reductions Whereas Other Countries Like China Did Not Have The Same Level Of Commitment

The Obama Administration Announced That The United States' Article 4 "Nationally Determined Contribution" Would Be To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions By 26-28 Percent Below 2005 Levels In 2025 And To Make Best Efforts To Reduce Its Emissions By 28%." "In response to the request in Lima to communicate to the secretariat its intended nationally determined contribution towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2-the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system-the United States intends to achieve an economy-wide target of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28 per cent below its 2005 level in 2025 and to make best efforts to reduce its emissions by 28%."("U.S.A. First NDC Submission," United Nations , Accessed 05/31/17)

China's Carbon Emissions Did Not Include Any Specific Target For Reductions Like Those President Obama Committed The United States To. "Even China's climate commitments were less a concession to US pressure than a restatement of its own goals. They included a promise for China's carbon emissions to reach a plateau or decline 'around 2030,' but without any specific target for reductions like those Obama pledged. That means China has plenty of room to continue burning fossil fuels to power its economy." (Mark Landler and Jane Perlez, "Rare Harmony As China And U.S. Commit To Climate Deal," The New York Times , 09/03/16)

  • China Has Refused To Accept International Monitoring Of Its Emissions And There Have Been "Questions Of Accuracy" About Its Data In The Past. "That threat has lent new urgency to a question that has loomed over the agreement since it was signed in 2015: whether China will properly report and submit its carbon emissions data for verification. Like some other nations, China, the world's biggest polluter, has refused to accept international monitoring of its emissions and says it will provide data to outside observers. In the past, conflict data about the country's energy use has raised questions about accuracy." (Edward Wong, "China Wants To Be A Climate Change Watchdog, But Can It Lead By Example," The New York Times , 01/10/17)

There Is Not Legal Requirement Requiring How, Or How Much, Each Country Should Cut Emissions. "The national plans vary vastly in scope and ambition - while every country is required to put forward a plan, there is no legal requirement dictating how, or how much, countries should cut emissions." (Coral Davenport, "Nations Approve Landmark Climate Accord In Paris," The New York Times , 12/12/15)

The Agreement Funds A U.N. Climate Slush Fund Underwritten By American Taxpayers, While Countries Like India, China, And Russia Have Not Contributed At All

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) Catalyzes Billions Of Public And Private Investment To Deploy Clean Energy Technology To Developing Countries. "'The GCF is the world's largest multilateral finance institution dedicated to advancing low-emission, climate-resilient development,' State Department spokesman John Kirby said in a statement Tuesday. 'The GCF was created to help protect vulnerable populations and drive clean energy deployment, all with a special focus on engaging the private sector and mobilizing private capital.' The United States already contributed $1 billion into a UN Green Climate Fund to help deploy clean technologies in developing countries, this would increase to $3 billion under pledges made by the previous Administration." (Devin Henry, "Obama Admin Injects Another $500M Into Global Climate Fund," The Hill , 01/17/17)

  • The U.S. Has Contributed $1 Billion To The United Nations' Green Climate Fund Already. "With just three days until President-elect Donald Trump's inauguration, the State Department on Tuesday announced a half-billion-dollar contribution to the United Nations' Green Climate Fund, part of $3 billion the United States has promised to the fund under President Obama. That's on top of another $500 million transferred last March, meaning the United States has now sent $1 billion to the fund, or a third of the president's pledge." (Chris Mooney, "Days Before Trump's Inauguration, State Dept. Sends $500 Million To United Nations Climate Fund," The Washington Post , 01/17/17)

China, India, And Russia Have Not Contributed To The Green Climate Fund. "Meanwhile, China and India haven't contributed to the Green Climate Fund. Of the 43 governments that have pledged money to the fund, only nine represent developing countries, the fund's website says. Russia hasn't contributed any funds either, but it also hasn't ratified the Paris Agreement or submitted an outline of what actions it will take to play a part in achieving the accord's primary aim, namely, to keep global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels." (Vanessa Schipani, "Trump On The Paris Agreement," FactCheck.Org , 05/05/17)

EVEN IF EVERY COUTNRY MET THEIR PLEDGED EMMISSION'S REDUCTIONS, THE AGREEMENT WOULD NOT MEET CLIMATE GOALS

The Paris Agreement Would "Fall Far Short" Of The United Nations' Climate Targets And Has Been Criticized By Leading Climate Experts

An MIT Study Found That If All The Pledges Made In The Paris Agreement Are Carried Out, Reductions In Emissions "Fall Far Short" Of Overarching Climate Targets. "If all pledges made in last December's Paris climate agreement (COP21) to curb greenhouse gases are carried out to the end of the century, then risks still remain for staple crops in major 'breadbasket' regions and water supplies upon which most of the world's population depend. That's the conclusion of researchers at the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change in the program's signature publication, the 2016 Food, Water, Energy and Climate Outlook, now expanded to address global agricultural and water resource challenges. Recognizing that national commitments made in Paris to reduce greenhouse gas emissions fall far short of COP21's overarching climate target-to limit the rise, since preindustrial times, in the Earth's mean surface temperature to two degrees Celsius by 2100-the report advances a set of emissions scenarios that are consistent with achieving that goal." (Mark Dwortzan, "Even If The Paris Climate Agreement Is Implemented…" MIT Center For Global Change Science , Accessed 06/01/17)

The New York Times Headline: "Paris Climate Deal Is Too Weak to Meet Goals, Report Finds" (John Schwartz, "Paris Climate Deal Is Too Weak to Meet Goals, Report Finds," The New York Times , 11/16/16)

The Guardian Headline: "James Hansen, Father Of Climate Change Awareness, Calls Paris Talks 'A Fraud'" (Oliver Milman, "James Hansen, Father Of Climate Change Awareness, Calls Paris Talks 'A Fraud,'" The Guardian , 12/12/15)

James Hansen, A Former NASA Scientist Who Is "Considered The Father Of Global Awareness And Climate Change," Called The Climate Talks "A Fraud Rally, A Fake," And Said, "It's Just Worthless Words. There Is No Action, Just Promises." "Mere mention of the Paris climate talks is enough to make James Hansen grumpy. The former NASA scientist, considered the father of global awareness of climate change, is a soft-spoken, almost diffident Iowan. But when he talks about the gathering of nearly 200 nations, his demeanour changes. 'It's a fraud really, a fake,' he says, rubbing his head. 'It's just bullshit for them to say: 'We'll have a 2C warming target and then try to do a little better every five years.' It's just worthless words. There is no action, just promises. As long as fossil fuels appear to be the cheapest fuels out there, they will be continued to be burned.'" (Oliver Milman, "James Hansen, Father Of Climate Change Awareness, Calls Paris Talks 'A Fraud,'" The Guardian , 12/12/15)


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